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pfSense Tutorial
BSDCan 2008
From zero to hero with pfSense
May 13, 2008
Chris Buechler
Scott Ullrich

History of pfSense
Started as a work project 13 years ago when we needed a
internal firewall
Originally Linux, switched to FreeBSD 2.2
Evolution of this path shrunk the firewall down to a Soekris
Moatware was started
Met Chris Buechler during this time
Sell a number of products
Sales guy moves to Florida
Moatware fails
Chris and myself debate starting over fresh
pfSense is forked from m0n0wall roughly 4 years ago
Still going strong today

pfSense Overview
Customized FreeBSD distribution tailored for use as a
firewall and router.
pfSense has many base features and can be extended with
the package system including one touch installations of
popular 3rd party packages such as SpamD (spam filter)
and Squid (web caching).
Includes many features found in commercial products such
as Cisco PIX, Sonicwall, Watchguard, etc.
Many support avenues available, mailing lists, forum and
commercial support.
Has the best price on the planet.... Free!

pfSense Platforms
Live CD
Full Install

pfSense Stable Versions

1.0 - October 4, 2006 *
1.0.1 - October 20, 2006 *
1.2 - RELENG_1_2 - February 25, 2008
Downloaded more than 500,000 times to date

* Not branched in CVS

pfSense Development Versions
Current Development Versions
Snapshots are built every two hours
available at http://snapshots.pfsense.org
Bonus for attendees - 1.3 snapshots available

Minimum Hardware Requirements
CPU - 100 MHz (500+ MHz for best experience)
RAM - 128 MB (256 MB or more is encouraged)

Platform Specific
Live CD
CD-ROM drive (currently USB CD-ROM devices are not supported)
USB flash drive or floppy drive to store configuration
Full Installation
CD-ROM for initial installation
1 GB hard drive
128 MB CF
serial port for console
null modem cable

Popular hardware
NICs - Intel Pro/100 and Pro/1000
Embedded hardware
PC Engines WRAP and ALIX
Mini ITX
Most Dell servers work well
Many HP and Compaq servers work well
VMware - entire product line

Hardware Sizing Guidance
Throughput Considerations
Packets per second
Bandwidth required
10-20 Mbps - No less than 266 MHz CPU
21-50 Mbps - No less than 500 MHz CPU
51-200 Mbps - No less than 1.0 GHz CPU
201-500 Mbps - server class or newer desktop hardware
PCI-x or PCI-e network adapters
No less than 2.0 GHz CPU
501+ Mbps - server class hardware
PCI-x or PCI-e network adapters
No less than 3.0 GHz CPU

Hardware Sizing Guidance

Feature Considerations
Number of connections not much of a factor
Very CPU intensive
4 Mb - 266 MHz
10 Mb - 500 MHz


Published on : 2018-09-30 08:29:55
File Name : 66_pfSenseTutorial.pdf
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